A dental prophylaxis is an oral cleaning procedure that is carried out to clean teeth and prevent periodontitis and gingivitis.
Gingivitis and periodontal diseases result when plaque-causing bacteria develop in the gum tissue. The colonies of bacteria cause severe irritation and inflammation. The body gradually starts destroying bone and gum tissues, which causes teeth to shift or even fall out entirely. While gum disease can't be completely reversed, prophylaxis is one of the methods to stop its growth.
Advantages of Prophylaxis
Prophylaxis helps in maintaining the oral cavity in good condition and stops the progress of gum diseases. Here are a few advantages of prophylaxis:
Removal of Tartar
Tartar and plaque build-up above and below the gumline could cause severe dental problems if not treated appropriately. Even efficient flossing and brushing at home is not enough to eliminate bacteria, debris, and plaque from the gum pockets. A skilled dentist with specially designed dental equipment can detect and treat this build-up.
Prophylactic treatment clears stains on the teeth and brings back a sparkling white smile.
Periodontal diseases lead to persistent poor breath (halitosis). The elimination of calculus, plaque, and bacteria significantly improves breath and eases irritation.
Identification of Health Problems
Prophylaxis requires an extensive examination of the whole oral cavity. It helps dentists identify oral cancer, determine the possibility of developing periodontitis, and detect symptoms of medical issues such as kidney diseases and diabetes.
Prophylaxis can be performed during regular dental visits using a local anesthetic. Bacterial deposits that are found under the gum line can be removed using this technique. The endotracheal tube is installed in the throat to protect the lungs from harmful bacteria. Prophylaxis is done in multiple phases:
The dentist thoroughly cleanses the gum line using scaling instruments and removes calculus and plaque build-up.
The dentist eliminates calculus present in the pockets of the gum as well as below the gumline.
It is the procedure of smoothing the tooth's root by the dentist to remove the remaining bacteria. These harmful bacteria may pose a severe risk to patients suffering from periodontitis.
After scaling and root planing, an antimicrobial or antibiotic cream is placed in the gum pockets. These creams facilitate fast and healthy healing of the pockets and reduce discomfort.
Exam and X-ray
Routine X-rays are highly informative concerning periodontal diseases. They reveal the extent of gum recession, bone deterioration and assist dentists in identifying areas that may require further attention.
Our dentists at Pooya Soltanzadeh, DDS, MS, DABP Implant and Cosmetic Dentistry recommend prophylaxis every two years to protect against the risk of infection. For people suffering from periodontitis, it should be carried out every 3-4 months.
Please reach out to our dental practice in Anaheim Hills, CA, to have a consultation with our dentist. Please call us at (714) 974-0949 or schedule an online consultation with Dentist in Anaheim Hills, and we’ll guide you further.