Periodontics is a specialty in dentistry that focuses solely on the inflammatory condition that causes the gums and other supporting structures around the teeth to deteriorate. Periodontitis is one of the most common dental diseases, and it can have a significant impact on one's oral health. It's critical to get it treated early to prevent it from spreading and creating serious symptoms.
A dentist that specializes in periodontal disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment is known as a periodontist. Periodontists undertake considerable training in these areas, which includes three additional years after dental school. They are professionals in the latest procedures for detecting and treating periodontal disease.
What are the Causes of Periodontitis?
Microbes in the mouth are the main cause of periodontitis. They feed on the food residues left in the mouth and get deposited on the teeth, gums, tongue, and other oral tissues. Plaque deposits, which appear as a dull or yellowish film on the teeth, build over time. If plaque is left on the teeth for an extended period, it hardens into tartar, which is brimming with thousands of deadly germs.
Tartar deposits near the gum line release toxins that cause tissue destruction. Periodontitis becomes worse the longer it is left untreated.
- Red and bleeding gums
- Pus discharge from gums
- Difficulty while brushing or chewing
- Bad breath
- Tooth discoloration
- Tooth loss
How Is Periodontitis Treated?
There are several ways to treat periodontitis, such as:
Plaque and tartar deposits on the teeth and dental roots are removed during an oral cleaning. Scaling and root planing are two methods that are used to accomplish this. They are performed with an ultrasonic scaling apparatus that uses ultrasonic vibrations to remove calcified microbiological deposits from the teeth surfaces, which are then rinsed away with a water jet.
When compared to the traditional method of surgery, using a laser to remove deteriorated gum tissues is one of the most sophisticated and painless methods. The dentist aims a high-powered laser into the decayed tissues, which evaporate quickly and close the wound underneath, preventing bleeding and pain. The recovery time for this procedure is very short.
Antibiotics like Arestin are used to get rid of the infection and keep the tissues from being infected again. It is placed in deep gum pockets to help the tissues repair quickly.
You must visit your dentist regularly and maintain good oral hygiene to prevent periodontitis.
Please reach out to our dental practice in Anaheim Hills, CA, to have a consultation with our dentist. Please call us at (714) 974-0949 or schedule an online consultation, and we'll guide you further.